Cocaine and Sugar Addictions

© 2014 Dr. Sharon Norling

If you are reading this, chances are you know someone with an addiction. The holidays are a season of overindulgence.

Are you looking forward to the festive holiday season filled with love and laughter? Or are you concerned the best plans may be compromised by drugs or alcohol or watching an overweight loved one overeating? Are you perhaps dreading the holidays because you fear more weight gain for yourself?

Special occasions can be unpredictable. Holidays are a stressful time for anybody, but particularly for those in recovery and for families of addicts still using.

Other factors can compound problems associated with substance abuse and addiction. For many, the holidays bring high stress or feelings of loss or depression. They also can trigger memories of past events that lead to feelings of shame and blame.

Many recovering people associate the holidays with memories of big benders that resulted in relationship problems or great personal losses. Memories of unhealthy obese or diabetic loved ones overeating once again may cause feelings of sadness.

Family gatherings can exacerbate difficult or unhealthy relationships, adding to the anxiety. Drugs, alcohol and food are often used to escape these feelings.

It Takes More Than Willpower

The time has come to recognize that addictions are no longer to be pushed into the dark corners, stigmatizing those who suffer from the disease.

We joke about our addiction to chocolate and to shopping, but addiction is an intensely private, personal and confronting affliction that is as difficult to explain as it is to treat. This is a complex issue, but we know it is much more complex than just drawing on willpower.

According to recent research sugar is eight times more addicting than cocaine. More people die in this country because of the chronic diseases caused by food and sugar addictions than by drug abuse.

Abuse of Pharmaceuticals

The number one cause of drug addictions today is pharmaceutical prescribed drugs. The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) has officially declared prescription drug abuse an epidemic. Here are the stats:

In 2012 overdose deaths increased to 17,000 per year.
Heroin use rose by 75 percent from 2007-2011.
Heroin use is linked to prescription opioid use (drugs with the characteristics of opiate narcotics but not made from opium).
Nine out of 10 poisoning deaths are caused by drugs.
Pharmaceutical drug overdose is one of leading causes of death in U.S.

We know that 90 percent of the incarcerations, 50 percent of the psychiatric admissions, and 25 percent of the admissions to medical surgical hospitals are directly the result of drug abuse.

In our community drug addiction is rampant. Every week patients are admitted to the emergency room with drug overdoses and every year numerous deaths occur in our local hospitals from drug overdoses.

Women are particularly vulnerable. Gallup pollsters have consistently found that the more wealthy and educated a woman is, the more likely she is to drink.

Women are smaller and have more body fat and fewer liver enzymes to detoxify the alcohol and drugs. Yet according to the Wine Institute, they buy—and consume—the lion’s share of the 800 million gallons of wine sold in the U.S. each year. Between 2002 and 2012, the number of U.S. females who died from cirrhosis rose 13 percent (the number of male deaths rose 7 percent).

Between 1999 and 2008, the number of severely intoxicated young women admitted to the ER rose 52 percent. From 1992 to 2007, the number of middle-aged women who were checked into rehab nearly tripled according to the CDC.

Addiction Changes the Brain

Dr. Volkow, director of the National Institute of Drug Abuse states, “I’ve studied alcohol, cocaine, methamphetamine, heroin, marijuana and more recently, obesity. There’s a pattern in compulsion. I’ve never come across a single person that was addicted that wanted to be addicted. Something has happened in their brains that has led them to that process.”

Changes in neurotransmitters, either deficiencies or elevations, make a profound effect on mental, emotional or behavioral function. Chronic exposure to drugs and food, especially sugar, disrupts the way critical brain structures interact to control behavior.

Sugar is biologically addictive. It spikes the dopamine (feel good neurotransmitter) just like cocaine and other drugs of abuse. Consequently, weight loss and blood sugar management are often not as simple as just using willpower.

Have you tried every diet, every exercise, every weight management program but you still have cravings and suffer from being overweight? You may have a neurotransmitter imbalance. Are you anxious, depressed, fatigued, have difficulty sleeping, experiencing pain, craving carbohydrates, or lack motivation?

Low levels of serotonin and dopamine create these symptoms. Everyone wants to feel better. So the temptation is to eat or use drugs. Both raise the serotonin and dopamine levels.

Are you addicted to food? Answer the Yale questionnaire to check. Food addictions can be life threatening.

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